Incidence of Infectious Diseases in Patients Suffering from Renal Diseases

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Rahul Darak
Ayesha Shamoon
Rayapudi Amrutha
Koddevara Pally Aditya
A. Sadanandam
M. Surya Narayana
K. G. Raja Ram

Abstract

Background: Infection is an invasion of an organism’s body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce. Patients with renal compromised states are more susceptible to infection than normal individuals. In the pre-dialysis era, about 45% of patients with the renal compromised state suffering from infection required hospitalization, while a total of about 78% of the enrolled subjects needed hospitalization. It was assumed that the debility caused by the uremic state increased the risk of infection, and the reversal of uremia would reduce the risk of infection.
Aim: The main aim of the study is to report the incidence of infectious diseases in patients with renal compromised state and appropriate measures to be considered to control infectious conditions.
Materials and Methods: The study was carried out as prospective and cross-sectional studies. During the study period, a total of 195 subjects were examined with the renal compromised state, of which 108 subjects were suffering from infectious co-morbidity, and were enrolled based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, which includes in-patients, out-patients, and patients on regular dialysis.
Results: This shows the percentage prevalence of infections in patients with the renal compromised state is 55.38. Patients were found to show various infectious states.
Conclusion: The conclusion shows the probability of encountering a subject with renal compromised state along with co-morbid infection is 0.55. Evidence-based international guidelines are of great value and are instrumental in helping reduce health-care-associated infections.
Keywords: Incidence of infectious diseases, Renal compromised state, Renal disease.

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How to Cite
1.
Darak R, Shamoon A, Amrutha R, Aditya KP, Sadanandam A, Narayana MS, Ram KGR. Incidence of Infectious Diseases in Patients Suffering from Renal Diseases. IJPBR [Internet]. 30Sep.2020 [cited 27Oct.2020];8(03):12-8. Available from: http://ijpbr.in/index.php/IJPBR/article/view/988
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