Gold Nanoparticles synthesis, properties, and forthcoming applications : A review

Naveen Sharma, Ganesh Bhatt, Preeti Kothiyal

Abstract


Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have several biomedical applications in diagnosis and treating of
disease such as targeted chemotherapy and in pharmaceutical drug delivery due to their
multifunctionality and unique characteristics. AuNPs can be conjugated with ligands, imaging
labels, therapeutic drugs and other functional moieties for site specific drug delivery
application. In this present review we are discussing the synthesis, properties, and
forthcoming applications of gold nanoparticle (AuNPs) which is the most studied among all
other metallic-nanoparticles. Here our main focus is to explain the AuNPs application in
cancer treatment. AuNPs provides non-toxic carrier system for pharmaceutical drug and gene
delivery applications. Currently various anticancer drugs are available but these are cause the
necrosis of cancerous cell as well as normal cells. AuNPs cause the necrosis of only cancer
cells therefore we can utilize it as a delivery vehicle as well as anticancer agent

Keywords


Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), Surface Plasmon resonance (SPR) or optical properties, diagnostic tool and cancer treatment

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30750/ijpbr.3.2.3

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