Nelumbo Nucifera (Lotus): A Review on Ethanobotany, Phytochemistry and Pharmacology

Nishkruti Mehta, Ekta P. Patel, Pragnesh , Biren Shah V. Patani, Biren Shah

Abstract


Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn (Nymphaeaceae), a perennial aquatic plant, has been used as a
medicinal herb in China and India. It has been recorded in the most famous medicinal book in
China for more than 400 years. Different part of plant (leaves, seeds, flower, and rhizome)
can be used in traditional system of medicine. In traditional system of medicine, the different
parts of plant is reported to possess beneficial effects as in for the treatment of
pharyngopathy, pectoralgia, spermatorrhoea, leucoderma, smallpox, dysentery, cough,
haematemesis, epistaxis, haemoptysis, haematuria, metrorrhagia, hyperlipidaemia, fever,
cholera, hepatopathy and hyperdipsia. Following the traditional claims for the use of
N.nucifera as cure of numerous diseases considerable efforts have been made by researchers
to verify it’s utility through scientific pharmacological screenings. The pharmacological
studies have shown that N.nucifera posseses various notable pharmacological activities like
amti-ischemic, antioxidant, anticancer, antiviral, antiobesity, lipolytic, hypocholestemic,
antipyretic, hepatoprotective, hypoglycaemic, antidiarrhoeal, antifungal, antibacterial, antiinflammatory
and diuretic activities. A wide variety of phytoprinciples have been isolated
from the plant. The present review is an effort to consolidate traditional, ethnobotanic,
phytochemical and pharmacological information available on N.nucifera

Keywords


Ethanobotany Nelumbo nucifera Pharmacological activities Phytoprinciples Traditional uses

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30750/ijpbr.1.4.26

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