Knowledge, attitude, and perception of HIV / AIDS among married women

Mallikarjun k Biradar, Santosh M Biradar

Abstract


Background: In India, the rising prevalence of HIV among pregnant women is of great
concern. Pregnant women are much receptive on health matters. So, it is important to assess
their knowledge, attitude and perception regarding HIV/AIDS. Aims: To know the
knowledge and to know the various factors influencing the knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS
in married women. Setting and design: The present community based cross sectional study
was carried out in rural health training centre Ukkali, which belongs to department of
community medicine, BLDE University’s Shri B.M. Patil medical college, Bijapur. Materials
and methods: A total of 1182 married women, aged between 15 – 45years were interviewed.
Pretested, pre designed questionnaire were administered to them. Statistical analysis: Data
was compiled, tabulated and analyzed using percentages. Results and Conclusion: Among
the study population majority (77.5%) heard about HIV/AIDS and (45.6%) gained knowledge
about HIV/AIDS through health worker, (29.3%) through media and (14.9%) through
doctors. Among the participants, 20.4% told that HIV/AIDS spreads through unprotected sex,
17.0% through blood products and 6.3% through mother to child. Most (57.3%) of the study
participants did not know about mother to child transmission. Knowledge about HIV/AIDS is
crucial for married women because of increasing prevalence of this infection. There is a need
for more information directly and indirectly through consistent awareness program among
married women residing in rural areas.

Keywords


HIV/AIDS, Married women, Knowledge, Practice.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30750/ijpbr.2.4.8

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