Biochemical analysis, pharmacological activity, antifungal activity and mineral analysis in methanolic extracts of Myrica esculenta and Syzygium cumini: the Indian traditional fruits growing in Uttarakhand Himalaya

Om Prakash, G Pant, Mahesh Chandra, Sonali Sethi, H Punetha, S Dixit, AK Pant


Myrica esculenta (Myricaceae) and Syzygium cumini(Myrtaceae), the Indian traditional fruits
were studied for their biochemical assay, antifungal activity and mineral analysis. The
biochemical assay in terms of total phenols, flavonols, ortho dihydroxy phenolic, ascorbic
acid and phytic acid content and antioxidant activity revealed different quantitative make up in
all the different samples. The in vitro antioxidant activity determined by reducing power
assay, chelating power on Fe2+ ions and 2, 2-diphenylpicrylhydrazil (DPPH) radical
scavenging activity were found to be good to moderate in a dose dependent manner in all the
extracts. The extracts showed significant antinociceptive and antipyretic activity on mice.
Methanolic extracts of both the fruits collected from different regions exhibited good
antifungal activity against the three pathogenic fungi viz; Rhizoctonia solani, Sclerotium
rolfsii, and Fusarium oxysporium. All the extracts studied for their mineral analysis through
atomic absorption spectroscopy also revealed quantitative variation of N, P , K , S, Fe, Zn,
Cu and Mn. Fe was found to be maximum in all the samples however Na was absent in all
the samples.


Myrica esculenta,Syzygium cumini,Biochemical study,Antipyretic activity,Antifungal activity, Antioxidant activity, Mineral analysis.

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