Tephrosia purpurea Linn (Sharpunkha, Wild Indigo): A Review on Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Studies

Pankti P Dalwadi, Jigisha L Patel, Pragnesh V Patani

Abstract


Tephrosia purpurea (fabaceae) commonly known in sanskrit as ‘sharapunkha’ is highly
branched ,herbaceous, suberect, perennial herb.widely grown in india. Whole plant and
various parts of the plant are useful as ayurvedic medicines. Medicinal uses of drugs are tonic,
laxative, diuretic, bronchitis, bilious febrile attack, boils, pimples, diarrhea, gonorrhea,
rheumatism and cures disease of heart, spleen and blood. The pharmacological studies have
shown that Tephrosia purpurea posses following biological activity such as antiulcer,
antimicrobial, antibacterial, anti viral, anti asthmatic ,hepatoprotective, antihyperglycemic and
antihyperlipidemia, immunomodulatory activity, antioxidant, wound healing property,
antiallergic activity. A wide variety of phytochemicals are isolated from the plant Tephrosia
purpurea which has concerned with their medicinal uses. The present review high lights the
mainly phytochemistry and pharmacological activity of the plant.

Keywords


Folk Medicine,Phytochemistry,Pharmacological Activity,Tephrosia Purpurea,Traditional uses.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30750/ijpbr.2.1.18

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